Timing, they say, is everything. Yesterday, the world’s energy watchdog, the International Energy Agency (IEA), published its latest report, the 2023 Net Zero Roadmap.
The IEA categorically stated that the time for no new oil and gas was over. If we are to keep temperatures to 1.5 degrees, then world leaders must not develop new oil, gas, or coal beyond existing fields.
If we want a liveable planet, we must shift from fossil fuels to renewables.
This is not the first time, either, that the IEA has confirmed that no new oil, gas, or coal fields are compatible with limiting global temperature rise to 1.5ºC.
“Keeping alive the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 °C requires the world to come together quickly. The good news is we know what we need to do – and how to do it,” said IEA Executive Director, Fatih Birol at the launch of the report. The IEA reiterated the way to do it is not to approve new oil and gas fields.
The IEA are not the only ones saying this. Earlier this year, the UN Secretary General, António Guterres, called on governments to halt new oil and gas exploration licences.
But even stopping new licenses may not be enough. Oil Change International’s latest research shows that even beyond stopping oil and gas expansion, 60% of fossil fuels in existing fields must stay in the ground to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C.
Speaking in response to yesterday’s IEA’s report, my colleague, Kelly Trout, said: “This report reaffirms a stark truth: To limit global temperature rise as agreed upon internationally, there’s no room for new oil, gas, or coal fields. The time for a swift, equitable, and fully funded phase-out of fossil fuels is now, with rich countries moving first and fastest and paying their fair share to finance a global just transition.
Barely is the ink dry on the IEA’s report, and yet today, the UK Government gave the go-ahead to the huge Rosebank oil field, which is seen as the UK’s last untapped oil field.
Rosebank is some 80 miles off the West of the Shetland Isles, located off Scotland. The field could contain 500 million barrels of oil and could produce 69,000 barrels of oil a day at its peak and about 44 million cubic feet of gas per day in its first ten years.
The field is going to be developed by the Norwegian company Equinor and British firm Ithaca Energy.
For months, opposition to the project has grown, including 200 organisations and celebrities, 40 MEPs and MPs from every major political party. Just last month, 50 MPs and others from all major British political parties raised concerns. They wrote to then Energy Secretary Grant Shapps urging him to block Rosebank. All their concerns were ignored.
There is no doubt that with this decision, the UK Government is siding with oil and gas giants over a liveable future for all—whether that’s a habitable planet or not having to choose between heating and eating. The project will emit more carbon dioxide than the combined emissions of some 28 countries of the Global South.
It is also clear that Rosebank won’t do anything to lower energy bills in the UK or make the UK’s energy supply safer, despite how the government tries to spin it. In contrast, it will make millions for Equinor, and Ithaca, whose shares rose sharply this morning.
It is unsurprising that the decision was met with universal outrage from scientists, activists and politicians. The Green Party MP Caroline Lucas called it “the greatest act of environmental vandalism in my lifetime”.
Philip Evans, a Greenpeace UK climate campaigner, told the Guardian “Rishi Sunak has proven once and for all that he puts the profits of oil companies above everyday people. We know that relying on fossil fuels is terrible for our energy security, the cost of living, and the climate.”
Simon Francis, the coordinator of the End Fuel Poverty Coalition, added: “Households struggling with their energy bills will be shocked that the new Energy Secretary has chosen to hand a multi-billion pound tax break to this Norwegian firm, rather than help people in the UK suffering in fuel poverty.
Dr Paul Balcombe, from Queen Mary University of London, said, “Signalling the expansion of North Sea oil and gas won’t make energy cheaper for us and will make it more difficult to transition to net zero.”
Others took to X, formally known as Twitter, to express outrage and shock, many pointing out the deep irony of the timing.
The UK government's decision to approve the Rosebank oil field today, in the middle of a cost of living & climate crisis, is a gift to oil giant @Equinor_UK and a slap in the face for the UK public & everyone who has watched floods & fires sweep the globe in despair.
— Tessa Khan (@tessakhan) September 27, 2023
UK govt has approved the Rosebank development in the North Sea
Burning all its production – some 300m+ barrels of oil & gas – would be equivalent to the annual emissions of around 90 countries and 400m people pic.twitter.com/NGyjjT5G6m
— Simon Evans (@DrSimEvans) September 27, 2023
Just 24hrs after the @IEA confirm no new long-term #oil & #gas?? projects can be approved ? if we’re to achieve 1.5C, the UK ?? Govt approve the new Rosebank long-term oil & gas project ? https://t.co/6BHxtfvC7W #Equinor
— Carbon Tracker (@CarbonBubble) September 27, 2023
Approving new oil and gas licenses is absolutely NOT consistent with the 1.5°C warming we need "to secure a livable future for all".
The record-breaking events of 2023 will soon be ordinary if we keep burning fossil fuels.
— Dr Ella Gilbert (@Dr_Gilbz) September 27, 2023
It beggars believe that the UK government has approved this new oil field the day after the International Energy Agency reconfirmed in a report that there simply is no room for new oil and gas fields if we have any hope of keeping climate change within safe limits. https://t.co/VcVbDeX144
— Stuart McWilliam (@stuartmcw) September 27, 2023
— Dr. Aaron Thierry (@ThierryAaron) September 27, 2023
The UK Government’s announcement comes after a number of anti-green announcements by the UK Prime Minister, including pushing back the deadline for selling new petrol and diesel cars, the phasing out of gas boilers, and the scrapping of the Energy Efficiency TaskForce.
Jess Ralston, from the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit, said it is clear now that “the prime minister has shown that he’d instead give tax breaks to oil companies than lower energy bills. Taxpayers will fork out around £4bn to the developers of the oil field, money that could have insulated millions of homes, with many set to be colder and poorer this winter.”
Even for some Conservatives it has gone too far, with Sir Alok Sharma, who headed the COP26 talks in Scotland for the Government, now saying he will no longer stand for reelection at the next General Election.
— Craig Bennett (@CraigBennett3) September 27, 2023
The Rosebank go-ahead confirms the UK’s stance as a leading Planet Wrecker. According to a recent OCI analysis, the UK is among five global north countries posed to be responsible for the majority of new oil and gas extraction to 2050.
It is no wonder that my colleague Silje Ask Lundberg, the North Sea Program Manager at OCI, said: “The science could not be more clear: there is no room for a single drop of oil from new fields … The fact that the UK Government has approved the biggest undeveloped field in the UK, and coming just one week after the Government’s weakening of its net zero policies, is proof positive it is siding with oil and gas giants over a liveable future for all.”
Meanwhile, Rosebank will not happen without a huge fight from civil society groups:
?The biggest field deserves the biggest fight!
We can't allow the government to side with oil and gas companies over our communities, workers and a liveable planet
— Platform (@PlatformLondon) September 27, 2023