On Thin Ice

Data compiled by Data Desk, commissioned by Oil Change International

March 2024

Download the data analysis.

In February 2024, Oil Change International commissioned Data Desk to provide an overview of the supply chains that are currently bringing crude oil and refined products to Israel, focusing on fuel supplies to the country’s armed forces. 

The research comes in the context of Israel’s 2023 invasion of the Gaza Strip and in the wake of a 2024 ruling by the International Court of Justice that Israel’s actions may have violated the terms of the Genocide Convention.

The primary aim of the analysis was to determine:

  • Which are the main countries supplying fuel to Israel?
  • What are the major international oil and gas companies supplying fuel to Israel and the Israeli military?

The data was last updated March 8, 2024.